Lapis lazuli or commonly known as lapis, is a rock made of a combination of minerals. This stone is known for a vivid opaque blue marble color with hints of gold tone (pyrite). This stone may be dyed to darken the blue hue. Lapis can include the following minerals: lazurite, calcite, pyrite, sodalite, augite, diopside, enstatite, mica, hauynite, hornblende, and nosean.
History on lapis dates back to 5000 BC. Ancient Egyptian culture used this treasured stone in pharaohs jewelry and artifacts. The word "lapis" is from Latin, meaning stone. Lazuli comes from the Latin word lazulum, and thru history the meaning has been the location of a place as well as the color blue.